kat_web93. an extensive concentration of urbanized settlement formed by a coalescence of several metropolitan areas. a building in which several families rent rooms or apartments, often with little sanitation or safety, The population required to make provision of services economically feasible//In economic geography and central place theory, the minimum market needed to support the supply of a product or service, less than full-time work or work that does not utilize a person's skills. illegal housing settlements, usually made up of temporary shelters that surround large cities, the amount of land different land users are prepared to pay for locations at various distances from the city center, the rapid change in the racial composition of residential blocks in American cities that occurs when real estate agents and others stir up fears of neighborhood decline after encouraging ethnic minorities to move to previously white neighborhoods, the downtown heart of a central city, marked by high land values, a concentration of business and commerce and the clustering of the tallest buildings, small districs used by the US Census Bureau to survey the population, a city founded by colonialism or an indigenous city whose structure was deeply influenced by western culture, the transformation of an area of a city into an area attractive to residents and tourists alike in terms of economic activity, the outermost zone of the concentric zone model that represents people who choose to live in residential surburbia and take a daily commute into the CBD to work, a demographic and social process whereby people move from urban areas to rural areas, the tendency of people or businesses and industry to locate outside the central city. megalopolis: 1 n a very large urban complex (usually involving several cities and towns) Type of: populated area , urban area a geographical area constituting a city or town Heartland and Rimland Theory. Boundary, process (definition, delimitation, demarcation) Boundary, type (natural/physical, ethnographic/cultural, geometric) ... Entrepot. the principle that an area produces the items for which it has the greatest ratio of advantage or the least ratio of disadvantage in comparison to other areas, assuming free trade exists; the ability of an individual, firm, or country to produce a good or service at a lower opportunity cost than other producers. A Vocabulary List for AP Human Geography Martha Sharma Retired teacher Hilton Head, South Carolina Unit VII. Centers of economic, culture, and political activity that are strongly interconnected and together control the global systems of finance and commerce. fixed costs. Mesopatamia, Nile River Valley), a dome of heat over a city created by urban activites and conditions. AP Human Geography Unit 7 Examples questionAnnexation answerThe owner of the Coca-Cola Factory added an annex for additional room in the factory questionBarriadas answerMany Barriadas are ... Entrepot. Dependency Theory. Net migration from urban to rural areas in more developed countries. 14 on deglomeration, agglomeration, and evolutionary economic geography. The combination of demographic and economic changes accompanying sustained reinvestment in inner urban areas, although it has also been used in rural contexts (see rural gentrification). the price and demand for real estate changes as the distance towards the Central Business District increases. Definition. A process by which real estate agents convince white property owners to sell their houses at low prices because of fear that black families will soon move into the neighborhood. the outer most zone of the Concentric Zone Model that represents people who choose to live in residential suburbia and take a daily commute in the CBD to work. YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE... AP Human Geography Chapter 12-13. Define-Examples-Draw (a way to do vocab): "I WANT THOSE WORDS DED!!!" Human Geography: Its Nature and Perspectives 5-10%. The city exists on the fringes of a larger city and acts as a regional hub for recreation, business, or other commercial activity for the suburban population of the larger city. AP Human Geography Name: Vocabulary List Section: Directions: Use the following vocabulary list to help prepare for the AP Test. AP Human Geography Exam Review 50% of the grade is 75 multiple choice questions (60 minutes) 50% of the exam grade is 3 essays (75 minutes) Unit I. A model of the internal structure of cities in which social groups are arranged around a series of sectors, or wedges, radiating out from the central business district (CBD). Human Geography: It s N a tur e a nd P er spe ctiv e s 5-10 % 1. a subsidiary urban area surrounding and connected to the central city. a term for megacities that emphasizes their global impact as centers of economic, political, and social power, a city with a population of more then 1 million, A ring of land maintained as parks, agricultural, or other types of open space to limit the sprawl of an urban area, an area along a limited-access highway that houses offices and other services associated with high-tech industries. Process by which new immigrants to a city move to and dominate or take over areas or neighborhoods occupied by older immigrant groups. An effect in economics in which an increase in spending produces an increase in national income and consumption greater than the initial amount spent. an urbanized area of between 10,000 and 50,000 inhabitants, the county in which it is found, and adjacent counties tied to the city. 5 Shapes of Countries. favela. Gratitude in the workplace: How gratitude can improve your well-being and relationships Export processing zone. Geography as a field of inquiry 2. A spatial generalization of the large, late-twentieth-century city in the United States. See Werker and Athreye (2004) J. Evol. Nov. 21, 2020. Definition: Over saturation of an industry. AP Human Geography- Chapter 13. Four Tigers. George G. Chisholm (Handbook of Commercial Geography, 1888) transcribed the German word hinterland (land in back of), as hinderland, and used it to refer to the backcountry Basic and Non-Basic Industries. An area within a city in a less developed country in which people illegally establish residences on land they do not own or rent and erect homemade structures. Ap Human Geography MC #1. them, the AP® Human Geography course and curriculum will present them with information that will challenge their current understanding of cities. 75 terms. In North America, the process began in the early nineteenth century and became a mass phenomenon by the second half of the twentieth century. Students learn to employ spatial concepts and landscape analysis to examine human socioeconomic organization and its environmental consequences. City established by colonizing empires as administrative centers. cultural landscape . Rate of growth of an urban population. Greenhouse effect. many are exclusively residential; others have their own commercial centers or shopping malls. sequent occupance. The very poorest parts of cities that in extreme cases are not connected to regular city services and are controlled by gangs and drug lords. A structural model of the American central city that suggests the existence of five concentric land-use rings arranged around a common center. Evolution of key geographical concepts and models associated with notable geographers 3. AP Human Geography Exam Review 50% of the score is 75 multiple choice questions (60 minutes) 50% of the score is 3 FRQs (75 minutes) Unit I. A process occurring in many inner cities in which they become dilapidated centers of poverty, as affluent whites move out to the suburbs and immigrants and people of color vie for scarce jobs and resources. A system of crossing lines to help locate places. A) Distance expressed in terms of the amount of money it costs to travel from one place to another. Characteristics:different index of human development. Often they were established on already existing native cities, completely overtaking their infrastructures. definitions for the unit 7 terms. A model of the internal structure of cities in which social groups are arranged around a collection of nodes of activities. I want the following 39 words DED and numbered in your notebook (numbered 1-38): By implication, the social character of the neighbourhood changes, affecting shops, … real estate agents advising customers to purchase homes in neighborhoods depending on their race, A pattern of settlements in a country such that the largest settlement is 1/n the population of the largest settlement, Illegal practice of refusing to make mortgage loans or issue insurance policies in specific areas for reasons other than economic qualifications of applicants, provision in a property deed preventing sale to a person of a particular race or religion; loan discrimination; ruled unconstitutional, the separation or isolation of a race, class, or group, the absolute location of an area/the relative location of an area, its place in the region or world, the people in a society considered as a system organized by a characteristic pattern of relationships, When a person, country, or region works on making one part of an item. area of mixed commercial and residential land uses surrounding the CBD, dividing an area into zones or sections reserved for different purposes such as residence and business and manufacturing etc. Term. the social process in which population and industry moves from urban centers to outlying districts, process by which companies move industrial jobs to other regions with cheaper labor, leaving the newly deindustrialized region to switch to a service economy and to work through a period of high unemployment. Examples: What are they? Hinterland, tributary region, either rural or urban or both, that is closely linked economically with a nearby town or city. answer. entrepot a trading center, or simply a trading warehouse where merchandise can be imported and exported without paying for import duties, often at a profit ethnic neighborhoods Entrepot: A trading center, or simply a warehouse, where merchandise can be imported and exported without paying import duties, often at a profit: Infrastructure: The underlying framework of services and amenities needed to facilitate productive activity: CBD (Central business district) … a slum community in a Brazilian city. entrepot. Is the grouping together of many firms from the same industry in a single area for collective or cooperative use of infrastructure and sharing of labor resources. The Bid-Rent Theory By. It could be as small as one side of a single block where all the residents are of Tibetan descent and the businesses are thusly themed... or it could be as large as a 2 square mile area dominated by Spanish or Cantonese speaking population. 101 terms. the restoration of run-down urban areas by the middle class (resulting in the displacement of lower-income people), a poor densely populated city district occupied by a minority ethnic group linked together by economic hardship and social restrictions. Evolution of key geographical concepts and models associated with notable geographers. Cities of the ancient world (-3500 to -1200) (We learned about how agriculture and language began in this era.......... a port where merchandise can be imported and re-exported without paying import duties, A household dominated by a woman (We learned about how MCDs have different family structure.). The movement of activity, usually industry, away from agglomerations, perhaps when congestion makes further agglomeration in a region difficult and expensive. Human Geography: Its Nature and Perspectives 5-10% 1. In the United States, a central city of at least 50,000 population, the county within which the city is located, and adjacent counties meeting one of several tests indicating a functional connection to the central city. Political Geography. industries that sell their products or services primarily to consumers outside the settlement. The very poorest parts of cities that in extreme cases are not even connected to regular city services and are controlled by gangs or drug lords. Religion can be very influential to a culture with the values and moral standards outlined in the belief system. An area where large cities first existed. the area of … Questions such as how to define and categorize cities, how to dissect and understand their functional regions, and the impact of changing population and land use matrixes in cities will likely What do they do? A ranking of settlements (hamlet, village, town, city, metropolis) according to their size and economic functions. An entrepôt (English: / ˈ ɑː n t r ə p oʊ /; French: [ɑ̃tʁəpo]) or transshipment port is a port, city, or trading post where merchandise may be imported, stored or traded, usually to be exported again. What is visual communication and why it matters; Nov. 20, 2020. B) Distance measured in terms of miles or kilometers. question. Business Services. Unit I. Geography: Its Nature and Perspectives—Basic Vocabulary and Concepts. the study of the physical form and structure of urban places, growth of cities; he social process whereby cities grow and societies become more urban. Compare degree of urbanization. ... AP Human Geography Unit 7. Such centers played a critical role in trade during the days of wind-powered shipping. As such, it is usually located in the central business district of a town or city, and has the greatest density of transport links such as roads and rail, a city in which global finances and the electronic flow of information dominate the economy. Human geography- how people make places, how we organize space and society, how we interact with each other in places and across space, and how we make sense of others and ourselves in our localities, regions, and the world. Cities and Urban Land Use—Basic Vocabulary and Concepts Agglomeration Barriadas Bid-rent theory Blockbusting CBD (central business district) Census tract Centrality Centralization Central-place theory Christaller, Walter City Cityscapes Marketing a product; The transformation of an area of a city into an area attractive to residents and tourists alike in terms of economic activity. Econ. A country's largest city-ranking atop the urban hierarchy-most expressive of the national culture and usually (but not always) the capital as well. Human Development Index. Deglomeration economies, such as lower transport costs, or longer commuting times and congestion externalities (Y. Small country subdivisions, usually containing between 2,500 and 8,000 persons, delineated by the US Census Bureau as areas of relatively uniform population characteristics, economic status, and living conditions. The possibility of contact is very high in the central cells from which the diffusion takes place, becoming markedly less so with distance from the … European City Model. urban landscape; similar to a landscape, yet of a city (cityscapes often show the city's skyline, which is the CBD). Basic Concepts . jrdbnntt. Geography as a field of inquiry. an urbanized area of between 10,000 and 50,000 inhabitants, the county in which it is found, and adjacent counties tied to the city. The term is commonly applied to the urbanized northeastern seaboard of the U.S. extending from Boston, MA to Washington, D.C. an aggregation or continuous network of urban communities, includes a large city and all of its surrounding suburbs and towns. Define: What is it? AP Human Geography: 6.1 The Origin and Influence of Urbanization Skill Explain the processes that initiate and drive urbanization and suburbanization. Draw: (insert visual rep here) Chapter 11: Industry. International Trade Approach & Self Sufficient Approach. C) Distance measured in terms of minutes or hours. That center is the focus of goods and services produced for its hinterland and it is the dominant urban influence as well. Definition It generally takes the form of a square grid of 25 cells, with each cell being assigned a probability of being contacted. movement of upper and middle-class people from urban core areas to the surrounding outskirts to escape pollution as well as deteriorating social conditions, a building in which several families rent rooms or apartments, often with little sanitation or safety, in the central place theory, the size of the population required to make provision of services economically feasible, in central-place theory, the average maximum distance people will travel to purchase a good or service, a situation in which people work less than full time even though they would prefer to work more hours, the rate of growth of an urban population, a region in which the world's first cities evolved, a ranking of settlements according to their size and economic function, the form and structure of cities, including street patterns and the size and shape of buildings, the spatial componenets of the modern metroplis, where each realm is a separate economic, social, and polititical entity that is linked together to form the larger metropolitian framework, the proportion of a country's population living in cities, one of the largest cities in the world, generally with a ppulation of over 10 million, an area of mixed commercial and residential land uses surrounding the CBD, dividing an area into zones or sections reserved for different purposes such as residence and business and manufacturing etc. A coalescence of several metropolitan areas and commerce in national income and consumption greater than the amount... 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